The research project Human Blood Detection Dog was born in 2007 by Micheli Giacomo and Scavongelli Vincenzo in order to support the activities of forensic investigation in the search for traces of human blood latent, and not, and human remains, through the use of specifically trained canine units. The ultimate purpose is to implement the existing protocols of intervention experimenting new methods and strategies through interdisciplinary and multinational yearly simulation and through targeted scientific studies, thus promoting coordination and synergy of partnership between the various scientific fields, canine trainings and technology involved. Specifically, two studies were performed: the scientific validation of two of the four canine subjects employed and the comparison of detection capability of the same, including the two non-validated, with the presumptive tests used in forensic analysis of blood traces. In order to be able to assess in an objectively reliable performance, the animal subjects used were considered as detection tools, performing the tests in at least two different dates, in outdoor or indoor location and in sterile conditions or reproduction of actual scenarios of intervention depending on the operating context. In consequence of the results obtained it can be said that the combined use of specifically trained canine units and forensic presumptive tests significantly increase the probability of detection of traces of human blood; in the first place for the complementarity of signaling / positive results issued by the two groups of tools, for the discrete reliability found in both of them and then to the high learning ability of animal subjects and of the easy and rapid use of forensic presumptive tests.
Autori: A.Berti (Reparto Investigazioni Scientifiche CC di Roma), G.Biagi, F.Cecchi, R.Ciampolini (Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie, Università degli studi di Pisa, Pisa), G.Micheli, V.Scavongelli, S.Trivella, S.Cossu (HBDD – Progetto di ricerca, unità cinofile Ricerca di tracce ematiche e resti umani, Rosignano, Livorno), I.Spinetti (Sezione dipartimentale di Medicina Legale, laboratorio di Genetica Forense, Università degli studi di Pisa, Pisa), L.Perri, C.Piras (Nucleo Investigativo Comando Provinciale Carabinieri. Livorno), F.Santochi (5th MP BN (CID) U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command, Vicenza).
Evento: IABPA, 5th European Conference Rome
Sessione: New technologies (Speaker)
Tipo documento: Abstract, Poster
Link al programma: https://5theuropeaniabpaconference.com/docs/IABPA_2015_Final_Schedule.pdf
Link al Poster: Versione web (filigrana e LQ)
Link alla pubblicazione ufficiale: Journal of Bloodstain pattern analysis